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Multispecies Planning: Policy and Planning Beyond the Human
✔ Ethnography ✔ Policy Research ✔ Design ✔ GIS ✔ Writing ✔ Theory

This document details the premises and methods of multispecies planning. Drawing from ecology, anthropology, and planning, multispecies planning is advanced as a practice that is requisite to addressing contemporary environmental matters of concern, especially building climate adaptation infrastructures. It is a primer, the longer version of which can be found below.

Multispecies Planning: Locating Non-human Entanglements in Oyster Restoration Policy on the Massachusetts Coast
✔ Ethnography ✔ Policy Research ✔ Design ✔ GIS ✔ Writing

Nature-based infrastructure (NBI) ties together ecology and planning. It is significant not just as an innovation, but because it potentiates new and different human-environment relations. Drawing upon recent anthropological efforts to explore multispecies entanglements, this thesis considers the NBI work of the Massachusetts Oyster Project. It examines the ecological communities the organization joins in its efforts to restore the Eastern oyster, and it evaluates those relationships as indicators of as-yet unrealized shifts in state environmental policy. The goal of this thesis is to elaborate multispecies planning as a concept. It incorporates evidence from ethnography, environmental science, philosophy, and political theory, and finds that the project offers two lessons to planners. First, it is now necessary to attend to many forms of knowledge in the planning process, not all of which are human. Second, entertaining such findings points to new ways of reasoning environmental matters of concern. Both lessons are given in the example of Massachusetts state shellfish policy.

Oysterscapes: Determining the Suitability of Oyster Reef Restoration in Massachusetts Bay
✔ GIS ✔ Spatial Analysis ✔ Research ✔ Design

Oysters have become prominent figures in climate adaptation planning. This study examines their potential involvement as flood prevention infrastructure in Massachusetts Bay. The analysis balances human and oyster uses of the water in an effort to demonstrate multispecies planning.

Ordinance Protecting Local Wetlands and Promoting Climate Change Adaptation in the City of Boston
✔ Research ✔ Writing

Wetlands comprise 51% of land in Boston under the Wetlands Protection Act. Passed by Boston City Council on October 17th, 2018, this ordinance protects those resource areas and enables the city to pursue nature-based infrastructure as part of its climate adaptation planning.

Restoring Oysters to Boston Harbor
✔ Research ✔ Writing

The next century could, with the aid of planning, see a change in the ecological role cities play. Many of the strategies and tools needed for the task are in hand today. This paper outlines one such strategy, oyster reef revitalization, and the potential it has for success in the context of the Boston, MA, policy environment.

Soil in the City: Urban Farming on Community Land Trusts
✔ Research ✔ Writing ✔ Design ✔ Project Management

Urban farmers are confronted with the dual challenges of unaffordable land and limited models for their success. This report, prepared for the Urban Farming Institute Community Land Trust, asks what organizational structures and practices are best suited for the unique challenges of governing, managing, and stewarding urban farmland.